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  Kelas : 3, Ebtanas (Bahasa Inggris/Tahun 1996)

                                       HOW TO STAY HEALTHY
       "A healthy mind in a healthy body". That is the motto of every athlete in the word. People can be happy only if they are healthy. There are several important things we must do in order to stay healthy. First, we must get enough regular physical exercise. Second, we must live in a clean house. Third, we must have enough time to rest. Rest is an important physical exercise. And fourth, we must eat adequate quantities of nutritious food. Good food is very important for keeping our body healthy, Food which contains a lot of nutriments is always good or our body. Nutriments are used by our body for energy, growth and for building new body tissues. Nutriments are of five important groups: proteins are the most important nutriments for young people. Proteins also rebuild worn-out body tissues. We can acquire proteins from meat, chicken, peas, beans, coconuts, eggs and milk.
       Carbohydrates are as important as proteins, because they are the main source if energy. The body needs energy to do its work. Carbohydrates are found in flour, bread, cake, rice, potatoes, cassava, corn , sugar and sweets.
       Fats are another important source of energy, We can find fats in butter, margarine, milk, coconut-milk, eggs, fish, meat and ice-cream. However, too much fat can make our body fat and this is dangerous for our heart. It can cause heart attacks.
       Mineral salts such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and iron are also absolutely necessary for our body. For instance, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus are necessary for the growth of our bones and teeth. Iron is important for our blood.
       Vitamins are important for our health. The body cannot make its own vitamins, so it depends on our food for these. We must eat food which contains a lot vitamins, such as vegetables and fruit. They help the body to absorb other nutrients in food. Vitamins control our digestion.

1.   Too much ........ is not good for our health especially our heart.
A.fat
B.protein
C.vitamin
D.mineral
E.carbohydrate

2.   The main source of energy is carbohydrates.
It's informed on paragraph ........
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E.5

3.   Which of these statements is true according to the text ?
A.Proteins are not needed by our body
B.Vitamins are important for our blood
C.Calcium can be found in carbohydrates
D.Too much fat can make our body healthy
E.Nutriments are needed to keep our body healthy

4.   What do we get much from vegetables and fruit ?
A.fats
B.proteins
C.vitamins
D.minerals
E.carbohydrates

5.   "Protein also rebuild worn out body tissues". ( Paragraph 1)
The underlined phrase means ........
A.tired
B.broken
C.repaired
D.damaged
E.destroyed

                                                         VOLCANOES
       In Indonesia, mudflows have been the major cause of destruction and loss of human life during volcanic catastrophes and landslides. Another kind of disaster which calmed victims, but which was not directly caused by volcanic eruptions, happened at the Dieng Plateau, Central Java. February 1979 : two eruptions and poisonous, suffocating gases caused the death of 149 people.
       Disasters in the past may have been caused by ground movements and tectonic earthquakes which are often inherent in volcanic outbursts. Examples of these are the earthquakes in Bali in 1963, which took place after the eruption of the Agung volcano, and the earthquake in West Java in the 1960s, caused by the Salak volcano, So far, a direct relationship between tectonic earthquakes and volcanic eruptions has not been observed.
       Tectonic earthquakes may also be the cause of Tsunamis. This phenomenon occurred during the Krakatau catastrophe in 1883, and caused the death of the people living in the coastal areas that this earthquake was caused by sea waves, which in turn were the result of the collapse of the Krakatau volcano into the sea. This explosion was are of the most violent eruptions in historic times, and its collapse formed a caldera in the seabed.
       The menace of volcanoes in general is grater than that of other natural disasters. If an eruption occurred in the Toba region, for example, where floatable deposits are found in great quantity, it would entail a catastrophe. In such cases man is powerless.
       Volcanic eruptions, besides clamming thousands of lives and causing loss of property and damage to villages, are on the other hand, beneficial to agriculture. The ash they produce is responsible for the fertile soil around active volcanoes.
       Volcanoes, with their craters, lakes and solfataras are places of interest for local as well as foreign tourists. Volcanic rock is used in the manufactures of building materials, and volcanic heat is capable of generating electricity.

6.   When did the most violent eruptions of volcano happen ?
It happened in ........
A.1883
B.1949
C.1960
D.1963
E.1979

7.   The main idea of paragraph 5 is ........
A.The benefits of volcanic eruptions
B.The ash produced by active volcanoes
C.the fertile soil around active volcanoes
D.The disasters caused by volcanic eruptions
E.The damaged villages around active volcanoes

8.   The collapse of the Krakatau volcano had caused a big hole on the ........
A.coat
B.crater
C.seabed
D.ground
E.plateau

9.   Which statement is not true according to the text ?
A.Volcanoes do not only cause disasters
B.The mudflow is one of the dangerous natural disasters
C.Tsunamis may also be caused by tectonic earthquakes
D.Poisonous, suffocating gases are dangerous but not killing people
E.There was an earthquake after the explosion of the Agung volcano

10.   "Volcanoes, with their craters, lakes and solfataras are places of interest for local as well as foreign tourists."  'solfataras' means ........
A.hot material
B.water vapour
C.hot mineral's
D.poisonous gases
E.hot sulfurous water

                                              AIR POPULATION
       Every day both industrial and domestic chimneys emit vast amounts of dirt and harmful gases. The exhaust fumes from thousands of car engines add to this huge volume of filth.
       Sulphur dioxide, Produced mainly by the burning of coal and oil, combines with the moisture of the air to for sulphuric acid. This eats away stone, brick and even metal. Doctors reason that if it can do this, it must damage the lungs of people who breathe it, especially over a period of many years.
       Usually the effects of air pollution are not instantly noticeable. Occasionally, though, there have been catastrophic "smogs". (The word smog is a combination of smoke and fog). One of these occurred in the town of Donora, Pennsylvania, in the U.S.A. The valley in which the town lies traps the smoke and fumes from the steelworks and chemical plants that fill it. One day, in October 1948, unusual weather conditions prevented the smog from lifting by the afternoon, as it normally did. Instead, it hung over the town for three days. By the end of the third day, nearly 6000 people were ill. More than 60 percent of those aged 65 and over were seriously ill. 20 people died. At last a heavy rain shower cleared the smog.
       One of the chief causes of air pollution in many cities is the internal combustion engine. Cars, lorries, and buses give out the gas called carbon monoxide, which in high concentrations can kill a person in a confined apace. Cars also throw into the air fine particles of rubber and asphalt from their tires and the road, and particles of asbestos from their brake-linings. These can cause damage to the lungs when breathed in.
       Another source of pollution is the nuclear power stations which produce a great amount of poisonous radioactive waste. This waste must be sealed up and buried beneath the ground or seabed so carefully that there is no danger of leakage. Some scientists are very worried that we are not being careful enough with nuclear waste. It may not all be buried safely. Also, they fear there may be a serious accident at a nuclear power station, releasing deadly radiation into the air.

11.   According to the text, stone, brick, metal can be worn away by ........
A.damp air
B.harmful gases
C.sulphuric acid
D.sulphur dioxide
E.Chemical process

12.   "The bad result of air pollution can't be seen immediately." is in paragraph ........
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E.5

13.   Why did many people in Donora die and get seriously ill ?
A.They had been suffering from sickness for along time
B.They were trapped in the steelwork and chimneys of their house
C.They smelled the gas coming from the chimneys of their house
D.They had breathed the fumes of factories that hung over the town
E.They worked in the steelwork and chemical plants without using masks

14.   Which of the following sentences is not true according to the text ?
A.Smoke and fumes are air pollutants
B.Particles off asbestos are harmless to human beings
C.Harmful gases are produced by industrial and domestic chimneys.
D.There is a possibility that a nuclear power station releases deadly radiations into the air
E.The people of Donora were not aware of the existing of the unlisted smog in their town

15.   "The valley in which ........ and chemical plants that fill it." (paragraph 3)
The word "it" refers to ........
A.fog
B.smog
C.town
D.valley
E.smoke.

                                      WILD LIFE CONSERVATION
       There is reason for the deep concern about the plight of wildlife on our country. Many rare species are threatened with extinction because of the greed of hunters and game collectors. Orang utans are rarely found their natural habitat in the forests of Kalimantan and Sumatera, but one may find them in zoos and private menageries all over the world. Ruthless hunters kill innocent elephants for their valuable ivory tusks or catch them alive to perform in circuses. Tigers hides decorate walls and floors of rich people's home in distant countries.
       It is feared that if things are allowed to continue in this way, very soon all wildlife will disappear from our forest. Fortunately, the government has now imposed strict laws on hunting. Some areas are designated wildlife reserves where hunters cannot enter. Theses include Ujung Kulon and Pangandaran in west Java. Merubetiri in East Java, and many more on the other islands.
       Some time ago our newspapers contained reports of elephants which had run in the province of Lampung. They had emerged from their abode in the forest and destroyed crops and houses belonging to the villagers. The people could not understand why the beasts had suddenly gone wild. The strange thing was that the animals had not come for food, because having wrought destruction they returned to the forests. They seemed to have come only to vent their anger. As elephants by law, the people could not kill any of them.
       The explanation for the elephants strange behavior is that they felt their quite life had been disturbed by the timber feeling projects and saw mills set up deep in the forest. The animals felt their domain was being narrowed by man, and so they got angry. Elephants need peace and quiet for their family life. They live in herds, and each like to have its own territory.
       Now the government has driven the elephants back into the forests, away from any village or lumber-mill. By shooting and shooting in the air the people drove the great beasts to a new abode in the district of Air Sugihan. It is hoped that they will feel at home there, and can live in peace and quiet.

16.   Why do hunters kill tigers ?
A.To prevent other destructions
B.To protect other animals
C.To create a quiet
D.To vent their anger
E.To get their hides

17.   Strict laws are imposed on hunting to ........ wildlife.
A.trap
B.drive
C.destroy
D.reduce
E.conserve

18.   The reason why the elephants behaved strangely can be found in paragraph ........
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E.5

19.   Which of the following statements is not true according to the text ?
A.Our government forbids the hunters to enter wildlife reserves.
B.Elephants emerged from their abode because they needed food
C.Elephants are protected by law so nobody is allowed to kill them.
D.Elephants live in herds and each herd likes to have is own territory.
E.Orangutans can live peacefully in the forests of Kalimantan and Sumatera.

20.   A hard of elephants had emerged from their abode in the forest of Lampung.
The underlined word means ........
A.come in
B.come to
C.come on
D.come out
E.come across

21.   Look at the picture !

The ........ of the box is 480 cubic meters or 480,000 litres.
A.depth
B.width
C.volume
D.height
E.length

22.   Galileo invented an instrument which enabled him to see distant things looking larger and nearer. The instrument is called a ........
A.bioscope
B.periscope
C.telescope
D.microscope
E.stethoscope

23.   What do you call a young person who is no longer a child ?
A.A man
B.An adult
C.An infant
D.A grown up
E.An adolescent

24.   "Even during the Japanese occupation we did not cease our effort to achieve national independence", Soekarno said.
Cease means .......
A.do
B.stop
C.start
D.leave
E.make

25.   The discovery of penicillin led to the development of the antibiotics such as streptomycin, amphycilin etc.
The closest meaning of the underlined word is ........
A.resulted in
B.produced in
C.motivated by
D.influenced by
E.carried through

26.   He was greatly surprised to look at his footprints in the soft moon sand.
The antonym of the underlined word is ........
A.hard
B.smooth
C.water
D.liquid
E.empty

27.   The following are the duties of the police except ........
A.breaking laws
B.preventing crimes
C.regulating traffic
D.arresting thieves
E.protecting people

28.   An ambassador is a person who heads the embassy and ........ his government in diplomacy or diplomatic affairs.
A.manages
B.controls
C.improves
D.develops
E.represents

29.   Look at the picture

The arrow points to the ........
A.liver
B.lungs
C.intestine
D.pancreas
E.stomach

30.   To change the voltage of an electric current we use a ........
A.fuse
B.plug
C.switch
D.generator
E.transformer

31.   Which of these words doesn't belong to food and drink ?
A.juice
B.desert
C.omelet
D.porridge
E.refreshment

32.   My brothers has been ........ from law School for two years, but he is still unemployed.
A.awarded
B.finished
C.educated
D.examined
E.graduated

33.   He began teaching at SMA 3 in 1990. He ........ there for 6 years in that school this year.
A.teach
B.teaches
C.taught
D.had taught
E.has taught

34.   When I arrived home, my parents ........ TV.
A.watched
B.have watched
C.were watching
D.were watching
E.have been watching

35.   The students may to use their dictionaries during the test.
The sentence above means, They are ........ to use their dictionaries during the test.
A.allowed
B.ordered
C.obliged
D.advised
E.asked

36.   John said that ........ the key
A.I did not find
B.he did not find i
C.I had not found
D.he had not found
E.he has not found

37.   Brian : How did you solve the problem, John ?
John  : I did it ........
A.as you suggested
B.because I knew what to do
C.since nobody could solve it
D.although it was very difficult
E.whenever you wanted me to

38.   If I were rich, I could go around the world.
The sentence means ........
A.I am rich, so I can go around the world.
B.I can go around the word because I am rich
C.I am rich, so I want to go around the world
D.I am not rich, so I can't go around the world
E.I am not rich, but I can go around the world

39.   The children went to school by taxi but they arrived late.
The taxi driver ........ have taken them around.
A.may
B.must
C.could
D.should
E.ought to

40.   It is very dark. We cannot see ........
A.all
B.nothing
C.anything
D.something
E.everything

41.   I Would rather watch TV than listen to the radio.
The sentence above means that ........
A.I like both but I like watching TV more
B.I like both but I like listening to the radio more
C.I like watching TV as well as listening to the radio
D.I like watching TV but I don't like listening to the radio
E.I don't like watching TV but I like listening to the radio

42.   Greis : I didn't see Rizal the whole day yesterday.
Dot   : The medicine which the doctor gave had kept him ........ all day yesterday.
A.sleep
B.slept
C.sleeps
D.sleeping
E.to sleep

43.   Nadi  : Is your father at home ?
Rudy  : No He is out to have the car cleaned.
From the dialogue above we can conclude that ........
A.Rudy will clean the car
B.Nadi wants to clean the car
C.Father himself cleans the car
D.Father asks Rudy to clean the car
E.Father asks someone to clean the car

44.   Yad   :  ........ about losing your pencil I borrowed yesterday.
Nevi  : It doesn't matter. I still have another one.
A.I'm sure
B.I'm sorry
C.I don't care
D.I don't mind
E.I could't tell you

45.   Andy : It's hot in this room. May I open the door ?
Budi  : Certainly. In the dialogue above,
Andi is asking for Budi's ........ to open the door.
A.opinion
B.intention
C.agreement
D.permission
E.information



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