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  Kelas : 3, Ebtanas (Bahasa Inggris/Tahun 1995)


          Bali is an island rich in culture, art ceremonies and gentle, friendly people. It is a world-famous vacation spot. It offers many things to tourists and visitors. Remains of a distinctly Indonesian-Hindu civilization are ,found almost exclusively in Bali. Festivals, ceremonies and special dances are found almost every day. Travel agents or hotels can supply information about specific events, for example, the performance of Legong, Pendet, Ramayana, Barong, Kecak, and others.
          Bali is one hour and twenty minutes away from Jakarta by jet, or you can fly or go by train to Surabaya, then use the express bus service front Surabaya to Denpasar via Banyuwangi, where you board a ferry. There are also flights from Surabaya and Yogyakarta to Denpasar. Going by bus from Jakarta to Denpasar is also possible, especially if you go with a tour group.
          Once you arrive in Bali, there are several ways to travel around the island. Taxis and rented cars (with or without drivers) are available through hotels and travel agents. Tour agencies and most hotels offer bus tours to major points of interest. Motorcycles and bicycle are available for rent through agencies in Denpasar, Kuta Beach and Sanur Beach. Oplets pass through areas and offer inexpensive rides.
          Denpasar, the capital of the province, is the location of many community temples and the Bali Museum. Batubulan, a short drive north-east of Denpasar, is the location of many sandstone workshops. Celuk is the village just north of Batubulan where gold and silver work for jewellery and ornaments is done. The village of Batuan specializes in traditional painting and weaving as well as decorative wooden panels and screens.
          Further borth in Mas, many of Bali's old master woodcarvers still live, work and exhibit their best art. Ubud, an hour's drive north of Denpasar, is the center of Balinese painting. The Goa Gajah (Elephant Cave) at Bedulu is an eleventh-century monastery hearing many rock carvings, statues and a bathing pool. A thousand year-old spring at Tampak Siring is still used by Balinese in religious ceremonies and for the water's a boat on its lake or just enjoy the scenery.

1.   Where is the center of Balinese painting?

2.   We can ........ a boat to enjoy the beautiful view of mount Batur.

3.   Which statement is not true according to the text?
A.Tourist can enjoy religious ceremonies everyday.
B.The old spring is still used for the water's curative powers
C.There are several ways to travel around the islands.
D.Batubulan is the center of sandstones workshops.
E.Bali is a world famous vacation spot

4.   The active volcano, the Mount Batur, has a beautiful view and you can hire a boat on its lake or just enjoy the scenery. (paragraph 5)
The word "it" refers to ....
A.a boat
C.a bathing pool
D.a beautiful view
E.the active volcano

5.   It is easy to travel in Bali. This information is found in paragraph ....

6.   The active volcano, Mount Batur, has a beautiful view and you can hire a boat on its lake of just enjoy the scenery. (paragraph 5) The underlined word means ....
A.buy .

                                  BIRD SINGING CONTESTS IN SINGAPORE

          In Singapore, there are about 15,000 people whose hobby is listening to the songs of bird, while relaxing at home or in the company of other bird-song lovers. They are mostly members of the Singapore Bird Club and they come front all walks of life: doctor, teachers, food-stall owners, office workers and bus drivers.
          Every year, ten bird singing contests are held in this tiny but clean and well-organized republic, a small island of 225 square miles situated at the tip of the Malay Peninsula. Even if there is no contests, on Sundays people gather at parks where they enjoy the bird songs. One such park is at Toa Payoh, one of the many new towns in Singapore. There is no admission fee and anybody can just come to watch and to listen. But it is essential to come early because the concert is over by about eight o'clock.
          When there is a contest, people sign up from all over the republic. Huge tents are set up, inside of shich are bamboo cages containing four species of the world's well-known singing birds. These are the shamas, the  Mata Putihs, the thrushes and the Merak Jambuls. The owners of the birds compete for prizes as high as S$ 2,000, so many people want to enter the competition.
          The tents contain some 120 birds and the judges sit about 8 feet from the birds in order to listen carefully to their songs. They evaluate the sounds according to many criteria: variety of songs, stamina, play, and vitality. Points are given for each criterion and then added up. The bird which earns the highest number of points is the winner.

7.   The bird singing contests are held .........
A.every year
B.every week
C.every Sunday
D.at eight o'clock
E.ten times a year

8.   Why do the judges need to sit about 8 feet from the bird?
A.To evaluate the bird's sounds
B.To enjoy the birds' songs
C.To set up bamboo cages
D.To classify the birds
E.To win the contest

9.   Which of the following statements is not true according to the text?
A.The judges are needed in this contest
B.The bird singing contest are held in the parks
C.The winner is the bird which earns the highest points
D.The members of the Singapore Bird Club come from the rich
E.There are four species of the famous birds in the contest

10.   "They" evaluate the sounds according to many criteria ...." (paragraph 4)
The word "they" refers to ....

11.   The main idea of paragraph 4 is ....
A.the criteria how to win the competition
B.the judges who evaluate the sounds
C.the points achieved by the contestants
D.the champions of the singers
E.the singing bird varieties

12.   The bird which earns the highest number of points is the winner. (paragraph 4)
The word "earns" has the same meaning as ....

                                           PANGERAN DIPONEGORO

          When he was still a child he was called Raden Mas Ontowiryo. He was the son of Sultan Hamengkubuwono III, but he spent most of his time not in the palace, but at Tegalrejo, a small village outside the capital of the sultanate. There, at the small village, he lived with his grandmother, who first imbued him with knighthood and the love for religion. Raden Mas Ontowiryo grew up to be a knight and a religious man, and since he was the son of a sultan, he was entitled to the title "pangeran", prince. Prince Diponegoro was as brave as he was pious.
          The prince hated the' Dutch very much because too often they interfered with the internal affairs of the sultanate. People became poorer and poorer because of the Dutch policy. Various taxes were levied. People had to pay a tax for crossing the bridges. They had to pay a tax for walking along main roads. Prince Diponegoro did not like this. His heart was always with the common people. His love was for them; his hatred was towards the Dutch and the nobilities who sided with foreigners.
          The Dutch knew that Prince Diponegoro hated them. It might not have been a coincidence that, without the prince's permission, they had stakes planted in his field at Tegalrejo to mark the building of a road. This was a good enough reason for the Dutch to seize him. But he did not surrender himself, of course. The Dutch attacked; the prince and his followers counter attacked. Thus the Diponegoro war broke out. The year was 1825.
          More and more people sided with the prince. Most of them were common people who loved him. Most of them were people who believed that he was fighting against the Dutch for a holy cause, namely to drive the foreigners away from his beloved country. Thus the war went on and on, taking a heavy tool on both sides. It was only by trickery that the Dutch were eventually able to end the war. The prince was invited to attend the negotiation in Magelang. There he was seized. The year was 1830. He was exiled to Manado. In 1834 he was moved to Ujungpandang and in 1855 he died there. But his spirit continued, and still continues, to live. He died as a hero, he died as an old soldier. Do old soldiers die'? No. Old soldiers never die; they just fade away, until young soldiers appear to replace them.

13.   When Pangeran Diponegoro was still a child he lived ....
A.in the palace
B.in Ujungpandang
C.in the capital of sultanate
D.at Tegalrejo
E.in Manado

14.   Why did Pangeran Diponegoro hate the nobilities? Because they ....
A.levied tax from the people
B.become poorer and poorer
C.loved the common people
D.sided with foreigners
E.hated the Dutch

15.   Which of the following statements is not true according to the text?
A.Pangeran Diponegoro didn't surrender himself.
B.People become poorer and poorer because of Dutch policy.
C.The war ended because the Dutch could defeat Diponegoro's army.
D.Most people believed that fighting against the Dutch was a holy cause.
E.The Dutch too often interfered with the internal affairs of the sultanate

16.   Paragraph I tells about ....
A.Pangeran Diponegoro as the son of Sultan Hamengkubuwono III
B.the life of Pangeran Diponegoro in a small village Tegalrejo
C.Pangeran Diponegoro who came from the palace
D.how Pangeran Diponegoro got the title
E.Pangeran Diponegoro's childhood

17.   His love was for them. (paragraph 2). The word "them" refers to ....
A.common people
B.the nobilities
C.his followers
E.the Dutch

18.   People had to pay a  tax for crossing bridges. (paragraph 2).
The underlined word is similar to ....

                                             POPULATION PROBLEMS

          Indonesia, having the world's fifth largest population and endowed with extensive and varied natural resources, has the potential to become a dread and prosperous power. But for the time being she is facing mains problems: how to cope with her population growth, how to produce enough food, how to provide people with jobs and how to organize enough exports so that the country can pay her way in the world. Indonesia's most valuable resource is her people. But for Indonesia, as with other developing countries, the possession of this particular kind of resource can prove to be a severe impediment to economic development. The government is endeavoring to cope with the population problem in two ways; on the one hand by encouraging people to move, either spontaneously or under the official transmigration programme from densely populated Java, Madura and Bali to the wider open spaces of the outer islands of Sumatera, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Irian Jaya, and on the other hand by fostering family planning. Transmigration is more than a response to population growth, it also carries profound implications for balanced national development and for national security.
          In its response to the population growth, however, Indonesia must continue to rely upon family planning objectives, the establishment of happy and prosperous
small families and the reduction of the population growth to 1% by 1990. The country's family planning can indeed offer valuable lessons for other parts of the world - in terms not only of result achieved but also of the democratic way in which they have been achieved. Indonesia's family planning programme has become one of the most remarkable of all attempts to institute birth control on a massa scale. Fertility has been declining even faster than Indonesia's own population planners had anticipated. Although the country's population had by 1979 reached almost 142 million, the rate of increase by 1979 had been brought down to less than 2%.
          One of the most heartening aspects of the programme lies in the fact that the great majority of those accepting family planning come from the rural areas. It is indeed in the rural areas that the great breakthrough has occurred. The successful outcome derives largely from the initiative taken by dedicated and imaginative officials in moving the programme out of the clinic.

19.   Transmigration is not only for the sake of population growth but also for ....
A.economic development
B.equal provision of food and job
C.balanced national development and security
D.the spread of the population
E.the welfare of the people

20.   What lessons can other countries get from Indonesia family planning programme .......
A.The result achieved and the way used
B.The establishment of a happy small family
C.The most remarkable attempts to institute birth control
D.The success of the population planners
E.The fast decline of fertility

21.   Which is not true according to the text?
A.The great majority of rural areas people have accepted family planning
B.The failure of family planning program derived from the dedicated officials
C.The population planners had anticipated the decline of fertility rate
D.Dedicative and imaginative officials encourage people to join the program
E.The rate of increase had been brought down to less than 2%

22.   Paragraph 2 is about ....
A.the country's population
B.the family planning objectives
C.the happy and prosperous small family
D.the birth and the death rate of families
E.the birth control

23.   "In its response to the population growth ...." (paragraph 2) The word "its" refers to.....
C.population growth

24.   Fertility has been declining even faster. (paragraph 2).
The underline word means ....

25.   A ... will make a permanent record of a computer's output.

26.   Look at this picture.

The place pointed by the arrow is called .........
A.rice field
B.dry farm

27.   The habit of smoking pot is dangerous, because it may damage the brain and other organs in our body.
The underline word means ....

28.   When we are driving cars we have to follow traffic

29.   Look at the picture.

The woman is playing a ........

30.   In a plane besides a pilot and co-pilot, there are some stewards and stewardesses.
The word stewardesses means ........
A.man who helps a pilot
B.man who drives a plan
C.men who attend to the need of passengers
D.woman who attends to the needs of passengers
E.women who attend to the needs of passengers

31.   Look at this picture.

Mr. Buddy is ............
A.as tall as Mrs. Shanty
B.taller than Mrs. Anny
C.the tallest of all
D.as tall as Mr. Andy
E.taller than Mr. Andy

32.   Dede : Do you bring the book? I will return it to the library.
Adi : I am really sorry, I ....... reading it yet.
A.haven't finished
B.have finished
C.had finished
D.hadn't finished

33.   Our team played well. They tried hard to win the game ... the result was draw.

34.   The headmaster ... is very strict with his students believes that young people need a discipline.
E.to whom

35.   Look at this picture.

They are getting ............ a taxi.

36.   Berry would have come to your party if you had invited him.
It's a pity that you him.
A.don't invite
B.didn't invite
C.haven't invited
D.had invited
E.have invited

37.   Mother : Where did you go last night Michael?
Michael : I went to the cinema with my friends.
Mother : You .., have done it. The final exam is coming.
E.might not

38.   He knows nothing, but he talks much as if ....
A.he knew nothing
B.he knew everything
C.he doesn't know anything
D.he didn't know anything
E.he knows everything

39.   The teacher always asks us to do the homework.
We can also say : The teacher always gets up ... the homework.
D.to do

40.   Marnelis : Okey guys, what shall we have for our dessert'?
Zul : What's the menu'?
Marnelis : Well, we can have oranges, fruit cocktail or ice cream.
Makmur : I'd rather have fruit cocktail ... ice cream.

41.   Anti : I forgot to bring my pencil case.
Titi : Of course. Here you are.
A.Is it your pen?
B.It is your pen, isn't it?
C.Could you lend me a pen?
D.May I give you a pen?
E.Shall I buy a pen

42.   Toni : So, what do you think if we go camping next week?
Tono : It's a good idea. That's my hobby.
From the dialogue we know that Tono ....
A.refuses Tony's opinion
B.doesn't like that idea
C.agrees to the plan
D.doesn't agree at all
E.gives an opinion

43.   X : ... I lost my temper last night
Y : Never mind, I Understand.
A.I'm glad
B.I'm dare say
C.I don't care
D.I'd like to my
E.Please forgive me

44.   Deni : Excuse me. Do you think the bus will leave on time?
Lisi : Yes. I am sure. It will.
The underlined utterance expresses ....

45.   X : Excuse me, sir . ... here, the parking lot is over there.
Y : Oh, I am sorry. I don't know about it.
A.You may park
B.You should park
C.You are not allowed to park
D.You are supposed to park
E.You don't have to park

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